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Sexually Transmitted Diseases / Infections

STD'sHelp with Sexually Transmitted Diseases 

STD's are common amongst patients who practice unprotected sex with multiple partners, in the UK STD's ans STI's are on the rise.  It is important to practice safe sex where possible when the sexual history of your partner is not known.

STD/STI testing

STD’s or sexually transmitted diseases are passed from one patient to another through sexual intercourse with an infected patient.   There are many types of STD’s all with varying affects, it is important to get yourself tested in order to determine what kind of infection you have.  A large amounts of STD’s have little or no symptoms at all giving, however if you have unprotected sex with multiple partners for whom you do not the sexual history I would be a good idea to visit the doctors.  STD’s can affect both males and females, however can sometimes be more detrimental to the female body, for example fi a pregnant woman contracts a STD it can have damaging effects to the baby.  


How can I avoid getting an STD/STI?

  • Use protection such as condoms
  • Limit your sexual partners
  • Try to know the sexual history of the person you are having sex with if you are not using protection
  • Have regular checks for STD’s


What Symptoms do I look out for?

If you have any of the following symptoms please contact your doctor or try an at home STD test kit:

  • Bumps or rashes in the genital area
  • Leaking fluids or discharge from the penis or vagina
  • Burning sensation when urinating
  • Bleeding from the vagina
  • Constant and severe itching in the genital area



Chlamydia is a STI (Sexually Transmitted Infection) and is contracted through having unprotected sex. The UK has one of the highest rates of this infection is mainly common in patients 25 and under.  Chlamydia can show little or no symptoms upon contraction but can cause serious complications if not treated.   Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium known as chlamydia trachomatis; it affects both men and women.  Women will experience infections in the womb or uterus whereas men will most likely experience infections in the urethra.  In rare cases chlamydia can cause infections in the throat and lungs.

Genital Warts

Genital warts are a type of HPV (human papilloma virus) that affects the genital areas of both male and female through sexual intercourse or by skin to skin contact with an infected party.   It is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections.  Often patients are unaware of having the infection as the body can dispel the infection without the use of medication.  Genital warts are very contagious and can be easily passed on to another person by way of sexual contact.



Gonorrhoea is a STI (sexually Transmitted Infection) caused by bacteria which affects both men and women and can be referred to as ‘The Clap’ and attacks mucous membranes in the body.  Patients will mainly contract gonorrhoea through unprotected sex or sex toys that are not cleaned or other unhygienic practices.   Gonorrhoea can be a serious condition if not treatment, especially if you are pregnant, where it can be passed on to the child.  Those who are actively sexual and are constantly changing sexual partners are more susceptible to these infections than others.  The bacteria responsible for causing gonorrhoea needs constant moisture to survive, making it common to be found in places such as the vagina, cervix or urethra.  Gonorrhoea cannot pass to another person by simple touching or kissing, the bacteria that cause the infection cannot survive outside the body for long.  If left un treated gonorrhoea can cause serious conditions such as PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) in women or infertility in both men and women.



What treatment is available for STD/STI’s?

Most STD’s can be treated through antibiotics.  Once prescribed it is important to complete the course administered by the doctor in order to fully remove any infections.